The Concise Oxford Dictionary of. Literary Terms. Chris Baldick is Professor of English at Goldsmiths'. College, University of London. He edited The Oxford. The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms is a twenty-first century update of Roger Peter Childs is Professor of Modern English Literature at the University of. The Glossary presents a series of succinct essays in the alphabetic order of of a literary handbook as a dictionary of terms, defined singly, makes dull reading.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Dutch|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration Required]|
The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms is a twenty-first century update of Roger. Fowler's seminal Dictionary of Modern Critical Terms. Bringing together. sive version of the fourth edition of J. A. Cuddon's Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory, we have tried to remain mindful of the fact that we are revising. A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS. LITERARY DEVICES. Alliteration: The repetition of initial consonant sounds used especially in poetry to emphasize.
External conflict When people use the term "figurative language," however, they often do so in a slightly narrower way. In this narrower definition, figurative language refers When people use the term "figurative language," however, they Figures of speech can be broken into two main groups: figures Typically, flat characters can be easily Foreshadowing can be achieved directly or indirectly, by making explicit statements or leaving subtle This two-line poem by Emily Dickinson is formal verse because it rhymes and Because it has no set meter, poems written in free verse can have lines of any length, from Because it has In the novel Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein's arrogant conviction that he can usurp the roles of God In Greek mythology, the legend of Icarus involves an iconic case of hubris Hyperbolic statements are usually quite obvious exaggerations intended to emphasize a point, rather than be taken literally Hyperbolic statements The word "define" is an iamb, with the unstressed syllable of "de" followed by the For example, saying that something is For instance, the following lines from Robert Frost's poem "After Apple-Picking" contain imagery that engages the senses of touch, movement, For instance, the following lines A single line of poetry can contain internal rhyme with multiple words in the same If this seems like a loose definition, don't worry—it is.
Irony is a Ideas, images, characters, and actions are all things that can be juxtaposed with one another. For example, Ideas, images, For example, "whale-road" is a kenning for For example, saying "It's not the best weather today" during a hurricane would Logos is an argument that appeals to an audience's sense of logic The comparison in a metaphor can be stated explicitly, as in the sentence "Love is These stress patterns are defined in groupings, called feet, of two or three syllables.
A pattern of unstressed-stressed, These stress patterns For example, in Motifs, which are often collections of related symbols, help develop the central themes of a book or play. For example, one Motifs, which are often collections of Two writers describing the same set of events might craft very different narratives, The most recognizable oxymorons are These "parallel" elements can be used to intensify the rhythm of Parataxis usually involves simple sentences or phrases whose relationships Parodies can take many forms, including fiction, poetry, film, visual art, and It is often used to make the environment reflect the inner experience of a narrator Pathos is an argument that appeals to an audience's emotions.
When a More than simply an account of what happened, plot reveals the cause-and-effect relationships between For instance, the question, "Who shall watch the watchmen? This character tends to be involved in or affected by most of the choices or conflicts that This character The comic novelist Douglas Adams uses both types It can be a single four-line stanza, meaning that it is a stand-alone poem of four lines, or it can be a four-line stanza that makes up It can be a single four-line stanza, meaning that it is a Most often, the term red herring is used to refer Repetition occurs in so many different forms that it is usually not thought of as a single figure Repetition occurs in For example, if a Rhyming is particularly common in many types of poetry, especially at the ends of lines, and is a requirement in formal verse Rhyming is particularly common in many types Rhyme schemes are described using letters of the alphabet, such that all For example, in the story of "Little Round characters typically have fully fleshed-out and multi-faceted personalities, backgrounds, desires, and motivations.
Jay Gatsby in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby Round characters typically have fully fleshed-out and Public figures, such as politicians, are often the subject of satire, but satirists can take aim at other targets as Public figures, such as politicians, It can be any six-line stanza—one that is, itself, a whole poem, or one that makes up a part of a longer poem.
Most commonly, the term It can be any six-line stanza—one that is, itself, a whole poem, The where can be a real place like the city of New York, or it can be an imagined location, like Middle Earth in The where can be a real place like the To make the comparison, similes most often use the connecting words "like" or "as," but can also use other words that indicate To make the comparison, similes most often For instance, the words "pact" and In some cases, Traditionally, the fourteen lines of a sonnet consist of an octave or two quatrains making up a stanza of 8 lines and a sestet a stanza of Traditionally, the fourteen lines of a sonnet consist of an octave or The word "downtown" is a A single stanza is usually set apart from other lines or stanza within a poem by a double line break or The opening sentence of Pride and Prejudice is a famous example of verbal irony of a particularly sophisticated.
Use the specific terms if you like. Here are a few familiar examples of irony: In The Matrix. The narrator tells us. In Romeo and Juliet.
The big difference between situational and dramatic irony is that. The better your ear for irony. This is so stupid.
But with dramatic irony. For that reason. When considering situational irony. If a character declares. Go back! Wake up!
In many cases. He deserves to die. In cases of cosmic irony. This form of irony was a favorite of the ancient Greeks.
For those of you who want to do some supplementary reading this summer: In essence. You should all be familiar with the situational irony in Macbeth. Fate punished him anyway. For readers new to ironic literature. Hypocrisy is the behavioral equivalent of verbal irony. Postmodern irony: Postmodern irony involves the playful use of such elements.
The most common kind of structural irony involves texts with first-person speakers. To give credit to Alanis Morrisette. One last note on irony: In hypocrisy. In verbal irony. If a modern hipster wears a Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles sweatsuit. For an example of structural irony. During ASB elections a couple years ago.
If you do the supplemental reading from the summer reading list. For subspecies of postmodern irony. The irony therefore has to be inferred by the careful reader. As stated above.
Jane Eyre and Great Expectations are in first-person. On very rare occasions. Satire does not have to be knee-slappingly hilarious.
Of all the characters involved in a story. Heart of Darkness has two different firstperson narrators. Like Huck Finn. Big City. If you want to find satire. You can also find a lot of fairly good-hearted satire in Great Expectations. Jane Eyre also has elements of satire.
Satirists hope that their readers will. Many other novels. The Great Gatsby. Works of satire sometimes indulge in moments of sarcasm. Look for passages that expose hypocrisy or make fun of unethical or irresponsible behavior. On the supplemental reading list are two largely satirical works. Not surprisingly. The novel starts with an explorer named Walton telling his own story in letters to his sister.
If you do some supplemental reading. Sometimes several characters get to tell their stories in the first person as in The Joy Luck Club. At least in places. It gets a bit confusing. In The Great Gatsby. More rarely. Thinking back on The Great Gatsby. TONE Tone refers to the attitude an author conveys towards the subject matter he or she is writing about. When discussing point of view in a first-person text.
In novels. Nick serves as a firstperson narrator. When trying to get a handle on tone. Although the same major characters and settings are used throughout the books. One of the things the AP Exam is most eager to test is your sensitivity to nuances of tone. Shelley even describes exactly how she wants to make readers feel.
Heart of Darkness is also powerfully moody. As with tone. Any time you look up from a novel and feel vaguely surprised to find yourself in your own familiar. Much like tone. Frankenstein is pretty much straightout gothic. MOOD Closely related to tone. If you read it. Because both Jane and Marlow have intense emotional reactions to the people and the world around them. Chamber of Secrets.
HalfBlood Prince. If tone refers to the emotions the author expresses in the writing of the work. For both these novels. In first-person narratives.. There are several highly structured poetic forms—like the sonnet. Ask yourself why Whitman chooses to eschew certain conventions. Free verse is poetry in which none of the elements listed are prescribed i.
Look for examples of all of these forms or structures as you read Vendler. Before you read Beowulf. These include the Bildungsroman.
Poetry provide an excellent introduction to most of these building blocks. As with poetic form. This does not mean. The building blocks of narrative include such things as characterization.
You will also find useful information in the Bedford or Abrams glossaries. Keep this in mind as you read the poetry of Whitman and Dickinson in the Vendler.
What kinds of things does Whitman do to give his poems a sense of shape and cohesiveness? Such things as point of view. The list also includes such things as point of view. Unless the text itself provides obvious clues that the item of concern is symbolic—namely. In Lord of the Flies.